Homemade Organic Fertilizer
Making your own organic plant food is easy and fun. It should be noted that most people understand that the best way to get good garden soil is to compost to amend the soil. Plants fertilizers purchased from the local garden center often contain chemicals that may harm your plants, and are not environmentally friendly. Nearly all organic waste go directly to the trash can or garbage disposal; a practice that is essentially wasteful especially considering that these products can be turned into something really useful: fertilizer.
Organic waste is composed of organic matter which can be used for composting to make fertilizer. It is an effective and eco-friendly way of disposing organic waste in your rubbish bin. By using leftovers and other waste, you can convert these items into a highly organic product rich in nutrients that you can use to grow vegetables or flowers with it. Making your own natural organic homemade fertilizer is both easy, cheap and often uses components you already around your home.
Organic material from leftover food and grass clippings to organic DIY fertilizers made from plant or animal remains
- Cottonseed meal
- Wood ash uses like these
- Alfalfa meal fertilizer
- Fish emulsion
- Fish meal
- Blood meal
- Animal manure
- Bat guano
- Worm castings
- Bone meal fertilizer
How to Make Organic Fertilizers?
1. Compost Tea Recipe
For centuries, gardeners have been mixing this simple tea fertilizer to provide nutrient to plants, and it’s easy to make.
- Fill a 5 -gallon bucket 1/3 of the way with good quality finished compost from the compost pile.
- Fill the bucket with water to a few inches from top.
- Allow the mixture to steep for 3 or 4 days.
- Stir the mixture often
- Strain the mixture with a porous fabric and pour the remaining compost in the garden or sent back to the compost pile.
- Dilute the remaining liquid organic fertilizer to a ratio 10:1 of water to tea.
- Spray mixture over leaves with a sprayer.
2. Lawn Fertilizer and Weed Fertilizer Recipe
- Fill 5-gallon bucket with 2/3 parts of fresh grass clippings.
- Top off with a few inches of water
- Allow mixture to sit for 3 days at room temperature and stir the mixture at least once a day.
- Strain the liquid and dilute this liquid fertilizer with equal parts of water.
- Spray this rich nutrient content mixture over leaves for rapid growth.
- Like grass fertilizers, weeds are also high in nitrogen. They easily grow below your feet and hence you need not grow them specially.
- Horsetail, chickweed, Nettles, burdock, comfrey are some examples of weeds which form excellent homemade organic material to compost. The procedure of making an organic homemade plant fertilizer using weeds is exactly the same as grass fertilizer.
3. Natural Plant Fertilizer: Fish Tank Water Recipe
- Used fish tank water contains excessive nitrogen which is favorable for plants. However, be careful of removing all newborn fish from the water. Also, the contents should not come from a saltwater tank.
- Apply dirty and untreated water from the fish tank on plants.
4. Make Your Own Fertilizer: Vinegar Recipe
Vinegar has acetic acid that is great for certain plants. You can use this on roses and various other houseplants as well as vegetables in your garden.
- Vinegar and acetic acid work very well for plants which love acid. Use as a replacement for rose plant food or houseplant fertilizers. (Always test first)
- Mix 1-gallon water and 1 tablespoon white vinegar.
- Apply this mixture to your plants and repeat after every 3 months.
5. DIY Plant Fertilizer: Fireplace Ash Recipe
- Fireplace ash fertilizer is an excellent source of potassium and calcium carbonate. Use it as a replacement for lime.
- The soil amendment uses fireplace ash applied to the soil by massaging or working it in or laying fertilizer on the soil bed. This fertilizer should not be use on acid loving plants when the soil is alkaline in nature.
6. Manure Recipe
Manure has been used for centuries as well as for fertilizing and you can use manure from any farm animal that you may have.
- Composted manure of goat, chicken or horse and cattle is easily available with people who raise them.
- Use aged and composted manure for best results.
- Fill small, recyclable, permeable cloth bags with manure.
- This manure needs to steep for 3-4 days in a shaded area before it is applied to the soil before planting and the bag can be discarded or buried.
7. Worm Castings
- Making worm castings or worm tea is very easy. The recipe:
- Mix a handful of wriggler worms with kitchen scraps or cardboard scraps – aka compost.
- This mixture should steep for a week and then applied to your soil.
8. Egg Shells
Egg shell are the perfect tools to create healthy and nutritious fertilizer. These leftovers have been shown to improve vegetation growth, increase in fruit size while preventing environmental stress and fruit drop.
- Wash the eggshells.
- Crush them and work the crushed pieces into the soil especially near tomato or pepper plants.
- The calcium in eggs prevents rotting of roots.
- Eggshells contain calcium carbonate (93%).
- These can be used as a soil conditioner replacement for lime and work better on saving plants seeds.
9. Cat & Dog Food as Organic Fertilizer
- Organic dog food can be recycled and used as a fertilizer. It contains proteins and micronutrients to benefit the soil.
- When you prepare the soil for planting, spread this composted pet food into the soil with water. The food decays naturally in a few days.
- The food needs to be covered with a cardboard for keeping all animals including your pets from eating the food before it decomposes. For this, the soil needs to be covered with cardboard and then a wet layer of mulch. The wet layer of cardboard and mulch prevents the growth of weeds.
- The soil should be thoroughly watered for 3 to 4 weeks.
- Only care that needs to be taken is avoiding pet food which contains chemicals and sodium in high content (more than 3%), because this will be harmful for the plants.
- Apart from these, molasses, seaweed, alfalfa plants, soybean meal, even human urine can serve as very good organic fertilizers when used for the plants which can benefit from these for a better produce and healthy produce.
Making Your Own Plant Food: Banana Peels & Coffee Grounds
These are two different fertilizers very easy to prepare.
Recipe #1 Banana Peels
You’ve probably heard of using banana peels to help plants grow, they also contain calcium and phosphorous and are perfect for fertilizing flowering plants and fruits tree and plants.
- Banana peels contain potassium which is essential for plant growth. Roses love potassium.
- Simply throw the banana skins or peels in a hole before planting or bury the peels under mulch for facilitating them to compost. This helps improve soil fertility resulting in bigger rose blooms. Along with the banana peels use Epsom salt to give roses blooms with more vibrant color.
Recipe #2 Coffee Grounds
Most of us have coffee grounds leftover every day. So, you’ll use those grounds, which by the way are filled with nitrogen and helps to increase the acidity in the soil.
- Tomatoes, blueberries and roses benefit from the nitrogen in coffee grounds.
- Liquid version of the coffee grounds or powder sprinkled on top of the ground helps the plants to grow well.
- Mix 6 cups of coffee grounds in 5 gallons of water.
- The mixture should settle down for 3 -4 days before applying to the soil.
Rapid Treatment Technology
Rapid Treatment Technology is very convenient, by adding enzyme and sub-material, the organic waste can be composted, and odor removed rapidly. The end product of Rapid Treatment Technology will turn into high quality organic fertilizer and can be applied to agriculture, forestry, fishery, livestock, industry and living organic waste.
Rapid Treatment Technology may be the key to solve the problem of organic waste recycling for thousands of years. While composting requires long time and big space for natural decomposition by microbial, the Composting-free Technology can speed up the entire process by applying enzyme.